A study by Mendonca et al, published in JOMI, the official journal of the Academy of Osseointegration, evaluated the influence of implant diameter on marginal bone remodeling around dental implants replacing single molars. The follow-up period was 3 to 6 years. Patients who received dental implants with an external hexagon platform in healed sites to support a single metal-ceramic crown in the molar region were recalled to the office. The implantation sites and implant length information were recorded, and the implants were divided according to the implant diameter: regular (RP) or wide (WP). Each implant was assessed by digital periapical radiography, using a sensor holder for the paralleling technique. The marginal bone remodeling was determined as the distance from the implant platform to the first bone-to-implant contact, and the known implant length was used to calibrate the images in the computer software. The follow-up measurements were compared with those obtained from the radiograph taken at the time of prosthetic loading to determine the late bone remodeling. The independent t test was used to compare data. The study evaluated a total of 67 implants from 46 patients with a mean follow-up period of 4.5 ± 1.0 years. The RP group comprised 36 implants from 29 patients (mean age: 58.3 ± 10.6 years), while 31 implants from 17 patients (mean age: 56.9 ± 11.5 years) were included in the WP group. The RP group presented lower survival rates (86.1%) than the WP group (100.0%). Similar marginal bone loss (P < .05) was identified for the RP and WP groups (1.35 ± 0.96 mm and 1.06 ± 0.70 mm, respectively). The study concluded that although wide-diameter implants exhibited lower incidence of failures, the bone levels were similar after the prosthetic loading around regular- and wide-diameter implants supporting single molar crowns.
(Source: JOMI, Vol. 32, Issue 5, Sept/Oct 2017)