Endodontic Treatment Advances: Apical Cleaning and Apical Shaping Limits

Carlos A. Spironelli Ramos, DDS, MS, PhD


Carlos A. Spironelli Ramos, DDS, MS, PhD, discusses the importance of correctly determining the apical cleaning limit to clean the canal and the shaping limit to keep the obturation in a biologic level for periapical healing in this exclusive article, which you can read for two continuing education hours. Learning objectives include:

  • Be able to describe the apical cleaning working length and apical shaping limit.
  • Learn the techniques for determining foramen position.
  • Know certain precautions to overcome false or absent readings when using electronic measurements.
  • Identify the common myths involving apex locators.

For the full article and CE credit, visit DentalCEToday.com.