Today's Dental News

Tooth Extractions Before Cardiac Surgery Don’t Fully Eliminate Problems

Having a tooth extracted before heart surgery doesn’t guarantee a positive outcome.

Mayo Clinic research indicates that about one of 10 cardiac surgery patients ended up having a stroke or kidney failure even after having a tooth pulled before the procedure. The information appears in The Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Prosthetic heart valve-caused endocarditis results in about 25 percent of infective endocarditis cases and is fatal for almost 40 percent of patients who develop it. That’s why physicians try to pinpoint any risk factors, such as poor dental health, prior to surgery. Extracting diseased teeth is common but there isn’t much research suggesting whether or not it truly helps.

Read more: Tooth Extractions Before Cardiac Surgery Don’t Fully Eliminate Problems

 

Bacteria-Causing Gum Disease May Lead to Oral Cancer Growth

Fatty acids from bacteria present in gum disease may cause Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS)-related lesions and tumors in the mouth.

The information comes from a study by Case Western Reserve University. The researchers analyzed how byproducts in the form of fatty acids cause the growth of the lesions.

This finding could result in early saliva testing for bacteria. The person could then possibly be treated for signs of cancer or cancer before it would become malignant.

The information appears in the Journal of Virology.

Read more: Bacteria-Causing Gum Disease May Lead to Oral Cancer Growth

   

Link May Exist Between Oral Health and Rheumatoid Arthritis

Poor oral health may cause rheumatoid arthritis, based on a new study.

Researchers from the University of Louisville determined that poor oral health can raise the risk of rheumatoid arthritis based on the presence of an enzyme that is around when a person has gum disease. This enzyme, called peptidylarginine deiminanse, has also been associated with rheumatoid arthritis.

Read more: Link May Exist Between Oral Health and Rheumatoid Arthritis

   

Tooth Decay May Prohibit Growth in Children

Tooth decay may be even worse than originally thought.

A new study suggests that tooth decay may push back growth in children. The study appeared in the online version of Pediatrics journal and was conducted at University College London and King Fahad Armed Forces Hospital in Saudi Arabia.

The research team wanted to explore the relationship between oral health and growth after previous studies failed to show definitive evidence one way or the other. In this study, the researchers looked at the dental decay and the correlation between height and weight in Saudi Arabian children ages 6 through 8.

Read more: Tooth Decay May Prohibit Growth in Children

   

ADA Recommends Earlier Fluoride Distribution for Children

It may be beneficial for children to be given fluoride even earlier than they receive it now, according to the American Dental Association.

Previous information suggested children receive fluoride by the time they were 6. This new information, however, suggests that children be administered fluoride even earlier. The new ADA recommendation states that children should be given fluoride as soon as their first teeth develop.

When children use fluoride toothpaste at an early age, it can lower the rate of decay. Research suggests that around one quarter of children develop a cavity before reaching kindergarten but more children using fluoride at an earlier age can lower that number.

Read more: ADA Recommends Earlier Fluoride Distribution for Children

   

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