“So there are now strong arguments to consider the implications of supplementation to pregnant or lactating women who are HIV-positive,” said Dr. Villamor. “It does not look like it’s a safe intervention for them.” In one of the studies, 1,078 HIV-infected women were divided into 4 groups. The test groups received either 5,000 IU of vitamin A and 30 mg of beta-carotene every day during gestation and the lactation period, or a control regimen. The dose for beta-carotene was higher than the amount usually provided by the diet, according to Dr. Villamor. Smaller doses might not have the same effect.
(Source: U-M School of Public Health, August 26, 2010)